Why do I choose Debian? Well, beside it’s “pretty easy” to setup, I think Debian is more stable than the other linux distros. But why 32 Bit? Because I think 32 Bit OS is using less memory than the 64 Bit.
VPS Minimum Security Settings
What I do for the first time is add a new non-
root user, and set BASH as its shell.
adduser --shell /bin/bash johndoe
Next, I’m gonna change the default SSH port that is 22 into a new number above 1024 and below 65535. Then I’ll disable root logins over SSH. In order to do that, we need to edit the sshd_config file located in
/etc/ssh/sshd_config. I’m using pico as the text editor.
To change the port number, find this line:
To disable root logins, find this line:
Then restart the SSH service.
service ssh restart
Now, you need to logout from
root, and re-login using new user that you just created before.
After we logged in as a normal user, and if you need a
root privileges, you can use
Congratulations! You just finished the minimum security settings of your VPS.
Getting Updates for VPS from Repository Server
root, open the sources.list file, located in
Edit or replace all of the existing lines with these lines:
deb http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian squeeze main contrib non-free
deb http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian squeeze-updates main contrib non-free
deb http://security.debian.org/ squeeze/updates main contrib non-free
Proceed the update.
apt-get update && apt-get upgrade -y
After the update process completed, I wanna change the default timezone of my VPS.
Install vnc4server and web browser on VPS
This command will install an
vnc4server and iceweasel browser also flash plugin.
apt-get install -y --no-install-recommends xserver-xorg-core xfonts-base xterm jwm menu vnc4server iceweasel flashplugin-nonfree
Now let’s try to run the vnc4server. You can also change the geometry to 1024×768, and depth to 24.
vnc4server -geometry 800x600 -depth 16
Since it’s the first time you’re running vnc4server, you will be asked for a password. That password will be used for accessing your desktop using VNC viewer.
Open your VNC viewer and connect to your VPS. I’m using RealVNC. Set the “VNC Server” to your VPS IP address and add
To stop vnc4server, type this command:
vnc4server -kill :1
You may want to know how to run vnc server at startup / boot and also how to restart vnc server hourly using crontab.
What if I wanna run Firefox browser each time my VNC server is up? Sure you can. Just edit xstartup file located on your username VNC folder. If your username is
root, then the
xstartup file is in
add new line:
firefox --display=:1 -private &
Download Firefox 3.6.28 and replace iceweasel as default web browser
In this example, I downloaded the Firefox into
/root folder, and extract it into
/opt folder. You can always change it if you want.
wget http://download.cdn.mozilla.net/pub/mozilla.org/firefox/releases/3.6.28/linux-i686/en-US/firefox-3.6.28.tar.bz2 -O /root/firefox-3.6.28.tar.bz2 && cd /opt && tar xjvf /root/firefox-*
Edit the firefox script:
update-alternatives --install /usr/bin/x-www-browser x-www-browser /usr/bin/firefox 100
update-alternatives --set x-www-browser /usr/bin/firefox
How to restart your VPS daily
Simply add a new cron job. Open your
Add this line:
59 23 * * * /sbin/shutdown -r now
That means, your machine will be rebooted everyday at 23:59.